Surgery is the last line of treatment when all other modalities failed. jointreplacement surgery ensures correcting a deformity and restoring mobility. Joint replacement surgery is performed to treat advanced arthritis.
Candidates for joint replacement surgery often have severe joint pain, stiffness, limping, limitation of mobility and pain interfering with day to day activities like cycling, putting socks., nature calls etc.,
The most common causes of arthritis are Osteo Arthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Some of these factors include
In Joint replacement surgery the damaged cartilage and any associated loss of bone structure is a resurfaced and removing the damaged joint, and preserving the muscles and ligaments for support and function. The replaced joint is made of titanium, cobalt chrome, stainless steel, ceramic material,OXINIUM and polyethylene (plastic). It can be affixed to the bone with bone cement or it can be press-fit, which allows bone to grow into the implant. Once the joint replacement is in place, its motion and function are restored through physical therapy. The most common joint replacement surgeries are hip & knee.
Total hip replacement is a surgical procedure for replacing the hip socket (acetabulum) and the "ball" or head of the thigh bone (femur). The surgeon resurfaces the socket and ball where cartilage and bone have been lost. An artificial ball and socket are then implanted into healthy bone.
Most candidates for total hip replacements have advanced changes in the hip joint caused by arthritis. A hip replacement is recommended if the joint pain has become unbearable and when the loss of function prevents a person from being able to perform activities of daily living.
Knee replacement surgery is performed to treat end-stage arthritis. When arthritis in the knee joint have progressed to the point where medical management fails and deformity has become severe, knee replacement surgery may be recommended.
Joint surgery in the knee is a result of damage to the coating or gliding surface called the articular cartilage. Depending on the amount of damage, ordinary activities such as walking and climbing stairs may become difficult. Damage to the knee joint cartilage and underlying bone may also result in deformity. Knock-knee or bow-legged deformities and unusual knee sounds (crepitus) may become more obvious as the degeneration worsens. Knee replacement surgery is designed to replace this damaged cartilage or gliding surface as well as any associated loss of bone structure or ligament support.
Total shoulder joint replacement is usually required for those who have severe forms of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis and rarely for neglected trauma.
Similar to the hip joint, the shoulder is a large ball-and-socket joint. The primary indication for a total shoulder replacement is pain that is not being relieved through therapy or other treatment methods. Pain may be the result of abnormalities and changes in the joint surfaces as a result of arthritis or fractures. The primary goal of total shoulder replacement surgery is to alleviate pain with secondary goals of improving motion, strength, and function.
Total elbow replacement usually required commonly in Rhuematoidarthritis , post traumatic arthritis of elbow. In this the lower part of arm bone (humerus) is replaced and it is articulated with one of the forearm bones(ulna) forming the elbow joint. goal of the elbow replacement is to restore the mobility mainly.